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IAS Mains

IAS Main (Written) Examination consist of the following papers:

Compulsory Papers

Sl.
Paper
Subject
Marks
01
Paper-A
One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
300 marks
02
Paper-B
English
300 marks

Papers to be

Sl.
Paper
Subject
Marks
01
Paper-1
Essay
250 marks
02
Paper-2
General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
250 marks
03
Paper-3
General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
250 Marks
04
Paper-4
General Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
250 Marks
05
Paper-5
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
250 Marks
06
Paper-6
Optional Subject – Paper 1
250 Marks
07
Paper-7
Optional Subject – Paper 2
250 Marks

Syllabus of the General Studies Papers is as follows:

General Studies Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

Sl.
Topic
01
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
02
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
03
The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country
04
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
05
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
06
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
07
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
08
Effects of globalization on Indian society
09
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
10
Salient features of world’s physical geography
11
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
12
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

General Studies Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

Sl.
Topic
01
Indian Constitution-historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
02
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
03
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
04
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
05
Parliament and State legislatures-structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
06
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary-Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
07
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
08
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
09
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
10
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
11
Development processes and the development industry -the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
12
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
13
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
14
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
15
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
16
Role of civil services in a democracy
17
India and its neighborhood- relations
18
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
19
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
20
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

General Studies Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

Sl.
Topic
01
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment
02
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
03
Government Budgeting
04
Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
05
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing
06
Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
07
Land reforms in India
08
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
09
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
10
Investment models
11
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
12
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
13
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights
14
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
15
Disaster and disaster management
16
Linkages between development and spread of extremism
17
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security
18
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
19
Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism
20
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

General Studies Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered :

Sl.
Topic
01
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
02
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
03
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections
04
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
05
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
06
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
07
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
08
Case Studies on above issues

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